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  CONTEXT-17: Workshops


The conference includes five workshops, all held on 20 June. All conference attendees are welcome to attend any of the workshops without a separate registration fee. Most of the workshops also are associated with Topic Tracks, in which selected papers submitted to the workshops are presented during a special session at the plenary conference.

Workshop Descriptions

  • Context in Philosophy: Between Semantics and Pragmatics. (9h-17h30, Room 24-25-102) Since Perry presented the distinction between narrow and wide context, indexicality and context dependence have been treated as separate phenomena. The difficulties faced by the attempts of extending the indexical approach to other context dependent expressions that are not overtly indexical brought to extreme forms of contextualism, where lexical meaning disappears in favour of radical forms of context dependence (grab bag theory is but one of the many developments of the kind). The workshop addresses the challenge of radical contextualism and aims at exploring which notions of context are better suited to account for the underdetermination of meaning. (Chairs: Carlo Penco & Massimiliano Vignolo)  -->  Proceedings of the workshop

  • Context in Management. (9h-12h30, Room 24-25-104) This workshop focuses on context in management as it affects two major areas. First, it will address the several applications of Context in the domain of Business Process Management (BPM). The goal is to discuss the challenges of specifying, implementing and theorizing over the so-called context-based BPM, context-based workflow, and context-based process-aware information systems. The topics include but not limited to: Concepts and theory about Context and BPM; Modeling and reasoning Context for BPM; Context-aware business process in various domains and related technologies; Context-based flexibility and adaptability in BPM; Socio-technical aspects of context for BPM; Context-based Scientific workflows; Knowledge-Intensive Process and the role of Context; Collaborative processes and the role of Context; Context-based process mining; Decision making in business process based on context; Service-based processes and context. The second major area is emergency management. Emergencies are the concern of several organizations and researchers worldwide. This workshop aims at presenting and discussing the relationship between Context and Emergency Management. It will particularly focus on the emergency planning and execution of plans within a context imposed by the emergency. We seek works that describe the combination of these two fields in a way that make the actuation of emergency teams more effective. Submitted papers may address either conceptual or tool implementation aspects. (Chairs: Flavia Santoro, Kate Revoredo, Marcos R.S. Borges, & Jose H. Canos)

  • QAMUCA: Quality Awareness in Modeling and Using Context in Applications. (14h-17h30, Room 24-25-104) This workshop is focused on modelling, processing and using QoC to improve the efficiency and usability of context-aware applications. Open data, social networks and the Internet of Things are technologies that increase the availability, richness and heterogeneity of context information and contribute to an evolution of ambient intelligence. They offer new opportunities to develop more efficient context-aware applications. The Quality of Context (QoC) varies over the time and depends on the source of the information. Symmetrically, the quality of the information required by context-aware applications may also vary according to the situation. As a consequence, in order to provide the right information, at the right time and place, with the right QoC level to the right application, QoC management becomes a requirement of new context-aware solutions. It is involved as part of middleware all along the life cycle of context information, from its production by sources to its consumption by context-aware applications. Thepurpose of this workshop is to discuss about innovations, implementations and experimentations of QoC management solutions. The topics of the workshop include but are not limited to: modelling, evaluation and processing of QoC, self-adaptation of QoC management, middleware and context-aware application development. (Chairs: Sophie Chabridon & Pierrick Marie)

  • Context in Learning. (9h-12h30, Room 24-25-106) The issue of context in learning can be tackled in different ways, the main ways being 1) to model the context of the learner for the system to be adaptive, 2) to have the system be context-aware and learn by itself about the learner’s context and adapt consequently. The challenge is to use the two ways to build a highly adaptive technology, both knowledge-based and employing learner analytics. A third way is to highlight the role of context in learning, as is the case for science or language learning. This workshop welcomes innovations and experiments about context in learning, new paradigms in instructional design, teaching, and learner-teacher interactions, new technologies (especially web-based architectures), and new hypotheses to be tested. Special attention will be given to solutions geared towards considering both external (physical world) and internal (mental representations or models) contexts. (Chairs: Jacqueline Bourdeau & Thomas Forissier)

  • Context in the Explanation and Evaluation of Human Reasoning. (14h-17h30, Room 24-25-106) It is well known that human beings do not always reason correctly. There are various kinds of fallacies and biases with which we meet in ordinary life, and reasoning problems to which most people give wrong answers in experimental situations. But how exactly can one distinguish what is correct and what is incorrect in human reasoning activities? How are the normative standards set, by which human reasoning has to abide? How should these normative standards be applied? While context has by now been recognized as playing a fundamental role in the philosophy of language as well as in other philosophical fields, such as epistemology or ethics, its role in the debate about human rationality has not yet been explored systematically. There are approaches to the explanation and the evaluation of reasoning that have introduced the consideration of context in some form. For example, evolutionary psychology (Cosmides and Tooby) explains reasoning strategies by the evolutionary history of domain-specific cognitive mechanisms, which have developed due to adaptation in specific environmental contexts. Consequentialist pragmatism (Stich; Bishop and Trout) holds reasoning strategy assessments to be constrained by the reasoner’s goal and the cognitive resources available for achieving it, so that any evaluation is in some sense context-dependent. Pragmatic approaches (Macchi and Politzer; Noveck; Hilton) focus on the context-dependent ways in which reasoners understand and interpret experimental reasoning tasks. The argumentative theory of reasoning (Mercier and Sperber) traces the evolutionary origin of reasoning strategies back to dialogical contexts, in which individuals attempt to change their interlocutors’ minds and avoid being misled. Keeping these separate contributions in mind, the workshop intends to examine what is in each the role of context, but also, more generally and ambitiously, whether and how the use of context in the explanation and the evaluation of reasoning can be made more systematic and effective (even to the aim of solving, or dissolving, the traditional puzzles of the rationality debate). (Chairs: Marina Sbisà & Paolo Labinaz)